Anaplasmosis is a vector-borne, infectious blood disease in cattle caused
by the rickesttsial parasites Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma
centrale. It occurs primarily in warm tropical and subtropical areas. The
disease is not contagious but is transmitted most commonly by ticks. It
can also be transmitted via contaminated needles, dehorning equipment,
castrating knives, tattoo instruments, biting flies and mosquitoes. The
intracellular parasite destroys red blood cells. It causes anemia,
fever, weight loss, breathlessness, uncoordinated movements, abortion
and death. Diagnosis is based on clinical signs and the examination
of blood under microscope for evidence of the parasite.
Chlortetracycline also known as CTC can reduce the risk of anaplasmosis. Chlortetracycline (CTC) consumed at the rate of 0.5 mg / lb. body weight daily during fly and tick season will help to prevent anaplasmosis. A consistent intake of the correct amount of mineral is crucial to a anaplasmosis prevention program. CTC is available in medicated feed, free choice salt-mineral mixes or medicated blocks. Be sure the product is labeled for anaplasmosis control and follow the label instructions exactly.
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